In 1907, the Anti–Asiatic League filled a public meeting in Vancouver, British Columbia, to capacity. The overflow took to the streets, first to Chinatown and then to Little Toyko. Chinese merchants and residents were caught off–guard and retreated from the rioters; by then, word had reached the Japanese, who boarded up their shops and fought the angry mob. Injuries were sustained on both sides. Japan's international clout forced the federal government to address this incident, ultimately paying out $26,990 to the Chinese community and $9,175 to the Japanese community in compensation for property damage. Other anti–Chinese riots in Canada include: a 1892 riot in Calgary, Alberta, in response to a smallpox outbreak that was blamed on the Chinese, and 1919 riots in Halifax, Nova Scotia and Toronto, Ontario.
Early Chinese migration and head tax: 1858–1922
Barbershop window in Chinatown, damaged in the 1907 riot, Vancouver, British Columbia, 1907. Courtesy of University of British Columbia Libraries, Chung Collection, CC–PH–00229
Anti–Asian riot in Vancouver (September 7, 1907)
Family Reunifications and Illegal Immigration: